It's not really to antagonize or to push people's buttons.
It's really to present another way of seeing things." The pictures were taken almost entirely in Super 8 format, and most of the photo shoots took place in New York City and Miami.
Madonna, however, was forced to sign a contract that forbade her from showing child pornography, bestiality and religious imagery.
Not long after signing this agreement Madonna founded Maverick, a multi-media entertainment company.
It also includes cameos by actress Isabella Rossellini, rappers Big Daddy Kane and Vanilla Ice, model Naomi Campbell, gay porn star Joey Stefano, actor Udo Kier, socialite Tatiana von Fürstenberg, and nightclub owner Ingrid Casares.
The book was also influenced by Robert Mapplethorpe's infamous three-part XYZ portfolio, particularly the X portfolio, with Madonna even having considered the latter as a title during the formative stages of Sex.
The book has since become one of the most sought-after out-of-print books ever released and still remains the fastest-selling coffee table book of all time.
According to Giselle Benatar of Entertainment Weekly, there are two versions of how Madonna came up with the idea for the book.
Madonna changed her mind about the title being X, when Spike Lee's film Malcolm X began to be promoted (the film was released three weeks after the book).
She would go on to tell Vogue magazine: "We were gonna call it X [...] but then the whole thing with the Malcolm X movie started.