In archaeological terminology, there are two categories of dating methods: absolute and relative.
Absolute dating utilizes one or more of a variety of chronometric techniques to produce a computed numerical age, typically with a standard error.
Given the current status of direct chronometric dating methods for Arabian petroglyphs, it is rare that the precise age of a rock art panel can be determined.
Many species, such as mammoth and woolly rhinoceros thrived in Eurasia and the mammoth, mastodon, camel and giant sloth lived in North America.
Another way that precise dating can be achieved is if the artist records the actual date of his or her creation, the name of a leader of known reign, or a distinctive historical event, like the inscription shown in the previous chapter about King Yousif Assar Yathar’s invasion of the Najran region in 518 CE.
Then, however, it must be clear that the artist is referring to his or her own time, and not providing historical commentary.
The relatively high frequency of hunting scenes in contrast to pastoral ones could also reflect the greater risk invested in hunting forays, and therefore perhaps more accompanying rituals.
Wild species targeted as prey by Neolithic hunters included: the aurochs (now extinct large-horned wild cattle), onager, ibex, bezoar goat, oryx, addax, and gazelle.