Its diplomatic relations have included moves to establish closer links with Russia through membership of the Eurasian Economic Union in 2015.Whilst this agreement helps to protect its access to the Russian and, in particular, the Kazakh markets, it could be a sign of a loss of political independence relative to Moscow and be an obstacle on its increased cooperation with China, in particular in the development of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative, aimed at rebuilding Eurasian trade routes.
Efforts to reduce spending also need to be applied but with the approach of the Presidential elections in 2017, non-budgeted expenditure cannot be ruled out.
After achieving growth of nearly 11% in 2013, the Kyrgyz economy continued slowing in 2016 and is expected to settle at a moderate level in 2017.
Kyrgyzstan is struggling as the other economies in the region and, more specifically, in Russia and Kazakhstan, its key trading partners, struggle.
These reforms would conflict with the provisions of the 2010 Constitution stipulating that constitutional amendments cannot come into effect before 01 September 2020.
These reforms, which include increasing the powers of the government and of the parliament, are being seen as a way for President Atambayev to maintain his influence over parliament when he reaches the end of his term of office as President at the end of 2017.